Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms


Neway Fertility answers your frequently asked questions (FAQ) about fertility, from semen analysis to hysterosalpingograms.

Fertility Research
Professional research articles about fertility treatment by Neway Fertility doctors Dr. Jin-Ho Lim and Dr. Heather Hur.

Donation & Surrogacy
Read about egg donation, surrogacy options and LGBT Family Building for those seeking parenthood and Neway Fertility patients.

Egg Donation
Today, thanks to egg donation, women who are unable to conceive using their own eggs can now experience pregnancy and childbirth. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

LGBT Fertility
Neway Fertility is proud to assist in extending the joy of parenthood to adults of all sexual orientations. Learn about LGBT fertility treatment options.

Fertility Preservation
Fertility preservation is a technology in which a woman’s eggs are frozen and stored. In the future, the eggs can be thawed, fertilized, and transferred to the uterus.

Fertility Testing
Neway Fertility offers fertility testing in New York City. There are many causes of infertility, and fertility testing is the first step to guide further investigation or treatment.

Testing for Men
Neway offers fertility testing for men including semen analysis, testicular biopsy, and testicular sperm aspiration (TESA). Contact us to learn more.

Semen Analysis
Semen analysis is the primary test in a man’s infertility work-up. The results of your test will help the doctor find the source of male factor infertility. Contact Neway Fertility to learn more!

When sperm are not present in the collecting tubules, they can be obtained directly from the testicle through testicular sperm aspiration, TESA.

Testicular Biopsy
Testicular biopsy involves taking a small piece of tissue from the testis while the man is under light anesthesia (conscious sedation). Contact Neway Fertility about more information.

Testing for Women
Neway offers fertility testing for women including blood testing, hysterosalpingogram, hysteroscopy, hysterosonogram and ultrasound.

Blood Tests
Blood tests are the first step in a woman’s infertility work-up. They are an easy way for us to identify potential fertility-related problems. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a procedure in which radiographic contrast (dye) is injected into the uterine cavity through the vagina and cervix.

Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic procedure that uses a thin telescope (hysteroscope) that is inserted through the cervix into the uterus.

A hysterosonogram, also called a saline-sonohysterogram, is a test to study the inner surface of the uterus.

An ultrasound, or sonogram, involves sending sound waves into the body. These sound waves are reflected off the internal organs to create an image.

Infertility Conditions
There are many causes of infertility including aging, anovulation, cancer, endometriosis, fibroids and more. Read more at our website

Age & Infertility
Today, age-related infertility is becoming more common because many women wait until their 30s to begin families. Fertility declines as a woman ages due to the normal age-related decrease in the number and quality of those eggs that remain in her ovaries.

Anovulation is when the ovaries do not produce an egg, or do not release an egg for fertilization. Ovulation problems occur in 25% of infertility cases. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

Cancer Treatment & Fertility
Cancer treatment can affect fertility. Women and men of childbearing age should consult with a fertility specialist before starting cancer treatments.

Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the tissue of the uterine lining—the endometrium—spreads outside the uterus to other organs. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

Uterine fibroids are very common noncancerous (benign) tumors. Over thirty percent of women will develop fibroids during their childbearing years.

Male Factor Infertility
Male infertility results when sperm cannot fertilize an egg, due to problems with sperm production, quality or delivery during intercourse. Nearly 40 percent of infertile couples will have a diagnosis of male infertility as a contributing factor to their problem. Diagnosing male infertility requires only a semen analysis which is a simple and inexpensive test.

Anatomical Causes
Physical factors can cause male infertility, including blockage, vasectomy or varicoceles.

Genetic Causes
There are three main genetic conditions that can cause male infertility: chromosome abnormalities, Y chromosome microdeletions and congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD).

Sperm Problems
A variety of factors play a role in causing sperm problems in men, including anatomical factors, genetic abnormalities and lifestyle choices.

PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that causes infertility. The hormonal imbalance directly impacts a woman’s ovaries to the point that they do not function normally.

Polyps are masses or growths that originate from the lining of either the cervix or the endometrium. Polyps are common, especially in women between 20 and 40 years of age.

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss
Couples who experience several miscarriages may benefit from a full medical evaluation to determine if recurrent pregnancy loss is the diagnosis. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

Tubal Disease
Fallopian tube damage and tubal disease are a common cause of infertility and by some estimates represent 35 percent of all cases.

Unexplained Infertility
When both partners undergo thorough fertility testing but no abnormalities or disorders are identified, a diagnosis of unexplained infertility is made.

Uterine Abnormalities
Uterine abnormalities or malformations are structural problems that affect the shape of a woman’s uterus. Four to seven percent of women have a uterus that differs in shape or structure.

Uterine Adhesions
Uterine adhesions are bands of scar tissue that form inside the uterus, usually in the endometrium, which is the tissue lining the uterine walls.

Infertility Treatments
Neway Fertility offers a range of infertility treatment options for both men & women that include IVF, IVM, embryo transfer, IUI, ICSI, PGD/PDS and more.

IVF Treatment Options
What type of IVF is right for me? Our IVF decision tree can help determine the best method of in vitro fertilization for your specific circumstances. Contact Neway Fertility to learn more.

Assisted Hatching
At Neway, we apply the latest laser beam micromanipulation techniques to create a small opening in the zona pellucida, helping an egg to hatch. Contact us to learn more.

Blastocyst Culture
Embryos can be transferred at three days after retrieval when they are at the eight-cell stage of development, or later, when at the blastocyst stage.

Conventional IVF
Conventional IVF is a fertility treatment in which a woman’s egg(s) are removed and combined with a man’s sperm in a laboratory. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

Embryo Transfer
The timing and number of embryos transferred will depend on a multitude of factors including maternal age and the number and quality of embryos produced.

IVM, or in vitro maturation of eggs, is a technology for women who have irregular anovulatory cycles, like PCOS.

Mild IVF
In a mild IVF (mini-IVF) cycle, standard ovarian stimulation with high-dose injectable gonadotropins is replaced by initial stimulation of the ovaries with an oral medication, called clomiphene citrate (Clomid).

Natural Cycle IVF
In natural cycle IVF, a naturally selected, single mature egg is collected from the ovary for fertilization and a single embryo transfer is subsequently performed.

Natural Cycle IVF/M
Natural cycle IVF/IVM is an advanced fertility treatment that is optimal for women who prefer to limit their use of stimulating medications and hormones.

PGD/PGS are advanced genetic analyses that can be performed prior to implantation and pregnancy to evaluate the genetic health of embryos. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

Sex Selection
Neway Fertility offers sex selection services in accordance with the recommendations of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine Ethics Committee. Contact us to learn more.

Treatments for Men
Neway offers Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) as fertility treatment, which allows many infertile men to become biological fathers of their children. Contact us to learn more.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) allows many infertile men to become the biological fathers of their children. Contact Neway Fertility to learn more.

Treatments for Women
Neway’s fertility treatments for women include intrauterine insemination, ovulation induction, and preventing immune-related miscarriage. Contact Neway Fertility to learn more.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) uses injectable fertility drugs or oral medications (clomiphene citrate) to stimulate the release of mature eggs on a known schedule.

Ovulation Induction
Ovulation induction is a method used to help woman produce and release multiple healthy, mature eggs on a predictable schedule. Contact Neway Fertility for more information.

Preventing Miscarriage
To help new york patients with preventing miscarriage and recurrent pregnancy loss, Neway Fertility collaborates with Dr. William Matzner of Los Angeles.